24 Must See Things At Konark Sun Temple In Odisha

Konark Solar Temple is the preferred solar temple on the earth. It’s troublesome to think about how grand it will have regarded when it was intact and when all of the seven horses in operating posture would have made it seem like a chariot in movement. The closest you possibly can really feel the dimensions of this temple is to see the Puri Jagannath temple, which is of comparable scale.

First view of Sun Temple KonarkFirst view of Sun Temple Konark
First View of the Temple as you enter

Odisha has Four totally different kshetras or areas, recognized by the 4 Ayudhas of Vishnu or the issues that he holds in his 4 palms. Of those Konark is the Padam or the lotus kshetra. In reality, the temple was referred to as PadmaKesara Deul and the presiding solar god was referred to as Mahabhaskara. Konark refers back to the nook that worships the Aditya or Solar. The area can also be referred to as Arka Kshetra.

Historical past of Konark Solar Temple

As per Pauranic sources, Banks of Chandrabhaga river in Utkala (which is an historical identify of the Odisha) was the place for Solar worship. The legends affiliate this place with Sambha, the son of Krishna and Jamvanti who worshipped the solar right here to eliminate a pores and skin situation. The place can also be related to Multan, which was additionally a significant heart for Solar worship. Bear in mind the river Chenab there was additionally referred to as Chandrabhaga.

Konark Sun Temple ArchitectureKonark Sun Temple Architecture
Konark Solar Temple – Because it was

Within the identified historical past, native palm leaf manuscripts inform us that originally a temple to the solar was constructed by Kesari dynasty kings. Temple continued to obtain worship from later rulers of the Ganga dynasty. It was king Narasimhadeva who constructed this temple in 13th CE in entrance of the previous temple. They took about 12 years to construct it. It was first attacked in mid-16th CE and invaders simply managed to remove its Kalasha or pot on high and Dhwaj or flag.

Vacationers who visited Konark Solar Temple embody Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Abu Fazal.

Learn Extra – Structure of Solar Temple Modhera


There are numerous theories concerning the downfall of this temple. They vary from being destroyed by invaders like Kala Pahad or to engineering failure that result in its gradual fall. When it was re-visited in 19th CE by James Fergusson, the principle temple was a pile of particles from which no primary deity was recovered. The Arun Stambh or the principle pillar of this temple was moved to Puri Jagannath temple in 18th CE by the Maratha Rulers. What you see as we speak is the shell of Mahamandapa stuffed with sand and a Natya mandap in entrance. The partitions are fortunately preserved for us to admire the sculptures outdoors.

Surya Murti at Ramchandi TempleSurya Murti at Ramchandi Temple
Surya or Solar God on his 7 horses

It’s believed that the principle Surya Murti of the temple hung within the air in the course of the temple, held in stability by the magnetic forces. The primary rays of the solar fell on the deity’s brow giving an impression of the rising solar.

Among the issues you shouldn’t miss when visiting.

24 Should-See issues at Konark Solar Temple

1. Admire the Huge Structure

Konark Solar Temple is a superb instance of Kalinga temple structure on a scale that’s hardly ever seen. I nonetheless marvel how somebody imagined a temple as a chariot being pulled by 7 horses, recreating the iconography of the presiding deity at such a large scale.

Landscape View of Konark Sun TempleLandscape View of Konark Sun Temple
Panorama View

The tallest a part of the temple is lacking, and nonetheless, the temple seems grand. The chariot has 24 wheels indicating the 24 hours of the day and in addition 24 fortnights in a 12 months. The 7 horses, representing the 7 days of the week, are duly pulling the chariot. I want somebody had preserved the drone shot of a completely constructed temple for us. Even when it’s designed within the chariot form, it nonetheless follows all of the Kalinga duel type structure type.

2. Jagmohan or Mandapa

The large construction that we see with superbly carved door jambs is Mandapa or Jagmohan as it’s referred to as in Odisha. You aren’t allowed to climb on high as a result of fragile nature of the construction. Nonetheless, you possibly can see the green-colored door jambs with intricate carvings in Chlorite stone. The remainder of the construction is in Khondalite and Laterite stone. None of those stones can be found domestically and had been most likely introduced from a distance over waters of the Chanrabhaga river.

Jagmohan of Konark Sun TempleJagmohan of Konark Sun Temple

Students say that the stones had been smoothened, mounted after which carved in-situ. That claims lots concerning the expertise to deal with the robust stone. Doorways are additionally aligned with the motion of the solar. The back and front doorways get the sunrays on equinox days and the 2 aspect doorways get the primary rays throughout the northern and southern motion of the solar.

3. Sculptures of Konark Solar Temple

It’s stated that the temple was constructed like Titans however completed like Jewelers. You could admire these sculptures sculpted with jeweler’s precision. Like most temples, Sculptures at Konark Solar Temple embody deities, scenes from human life, royal life, erotica, wildlife, architectural motifs and ornamental components at totally different scales.

4. Elephant panel on the backside

Elephant Panel at Konark Sun TempleElephant Panel at Konark Sun Temple
Elephant panel on the backside

A panel of carved elephants runs on the backside of the temple construction giving an impression they’re bearing the load of the temple. Discover the infant elephants too engraved on this panel.

5. Naga Sculptures

Naga Nagini SculpturesNaga Nagini Sculptures
Naga Nagini Sculptures

Lots of Naga Nagini sculptures could be seen on the wall panels on the human eye stage. Most of them are half-human & half serpent. You’ll discover them as quickly as you begin strolling across the temple in a clockwise trend. Round them, you’ll additionally see girls engaged in martial arts or using a horse.

6. Giraffe Sculpture

Giraffe at Konark Sun TempleGiraffe at Konark Sun Temple
Giraffe on Left panel & Builder of Solar Temple on Proper

Probably the most intriguing sculpture is that of a Giraffe, an animal that isn’t native of India. It signifies the attention of the animal if not its actual presence within the area. Does it point out commerce hyperlinks with Africa? Most likely sure. Think about a dealer sitting with a sculptor and explaining how this animal seems like with its lengthy neck. Or perhaps it was a present from an African dealer.

Learn Extra – Kopeshwar Mahadev Temple at Khidrapur

Subsequent to that is the depiction of King Narasimadev and his queen Sitadevi – the builders of this temple.

7. Large Elephants figures

Giant elephants of KonarkGiant elephants of Konark
Large elephants in rage

These could be seen as you strategy the temple and a few on the platform subsequent to it. They’re in a rage, crushing the hunt. I ponder in the event that they had been depicting some struggle that they participated in.

Lion crushing Elephant crushing AsuraLion crushing Elephant crushing Asura
Lion crushing Elephant crushing Asura

The enormous Lion Crushing the elephant sculpture that you simply see on the stairs as quickly as you enter is the image of energy. These make students ask if the temple was constructed to commemorate a profitable army marketing campaign. Guides interpret it as crushing of a human being who will get an excessive amount of wealth and energy.

8. Erotica or Maithuna Figures

Erotica at Sun Temple of KonarkErotica at Sun Temple of Konark

Like most historical temples, this one too has its share of erotic photographs depicting the lovemaking by {couples}, together with same-sex ones. My ASI guide tells me that the sculptures on this temple depict all of the 9 Rasas or feelings talked about in Indian scriptures. Erotica depicts the Shringar Rasa or the emotion of affection and romance, nevertheless it stands out in a manner that catches our eye greater than the opposite feelings.

One other opinion hyperlinks them to the tantric path of worship that was prominently practiced in Odisha.

9. Solar Sculptures in Inexperienced Chlorite

Aditya Murtis Aditya Murtis
Aditya Murti in Greenstone

On high of the Mandapa, you possibly can see the sculptures of Adityas in Chlorite stone that makes them stand out in greenstone on all of the partitions. Once I visited a few years in the past, you can stroll as much as them however now it’s important to admire them from a distance. Discover the excessive boots worn by these figures.

10. Well-known Wheels on our Rs 10/- Foreign money Be aware

Carved wheels of Konark Sun Temple, Odisha or Orissa Tourist CircuitCarved wheels of Konark Sun Temple, Odisha or Orissa Tourist Circuit
Well-known wheel of the Solar Temple

Wheel no 6 as you progress clockwise across the temple is the wheel that after adorned our red-colored Rs 20/ – foreign money notice and now could be on our Rs 10/- notice. It’s widespread with vacationers who like to click on it with the foreign money notice or with themselves.

Details of the wheels of KonarkDetails of the wheels of Konark
Particulars of the wheel

What’s attention-grabbing about these wheels is that they aren’t simply ornate wheels however they’re sundials. With the assistance of the shadow of the protruding center knob, you possibly can calculate the native time. Every wheel has miniature sculptures documenting some artwork kind. The one on foreign money notes has the lifetime of a hunter sculpted on it. Do take a look at them intimately.

11. Foreigners Galore

Konark sculptures are an amazing instance of the worldwide nature of Indian kingdoms. You see Chinese language Vacationers or Merchants with their attribute options, one in all them apparently consuming noodles on a folding desk that too with chopsticks. You see Persians with their lengthy caps.

Chinese at KonarkChinese at Konark
Chinese language Males on partitions of Solar Temple

My interpretation is the presence of those two all the time depicts the commerce each with the west and east. Positioned on the jap coast, the Chinese language affect could have been little extra. Our information confirmed us Mongolian and Tibetans too who it appears used to return right here for soaking within the solar, nonetheless, I might take it with a pinch of salt.

Learn Extra – Studying the Work of Ajanta

12. Horses that may have pushed the chariot

Horses of KonarkHorses of Konark
Horses of Konark

The horse sculptures aren’t very seen. It’s essential to stroll just a little away from the temple to have the ability to see them. Considered one of these galloping horses is the state image of Odisha.

13. Natya Mandapa

Natya Mandapa of Konark Sun TempleNatya Mandapa of Konark Sun Temple
Natya Mandapa

This pillared platform was designed for dance performances. The sculptures right here could be seen filled with dance poses, musical devices being performed that brings out an emotion of Utsav or celebration.

14. Iron Rods

Iron clamps and joints had been used within the temple. It’s also possible to see them as beams on the doorways of mandapa. To see them carefully see a couple of of them stored on a platform within the backyard. Discuss concerning the metallurgical heritage of India.

Learn Extra – The Engineering Marvels of India

15. Maya Devi Temple

A temple behind Solar Temple was alleged to be devoted to Maya Devi or in keeping with some accounts Chaya Devi, spouse of Surya. This temple is older than the Solar temple itself.

16. Bhoga Mandapa

On the aspect lawns of the temple, you see a sequence of drains or water channels resulting in a platform. This was probably the kitchen cum eating space referred to as Bhoga Mandapa. It’s also possible to see two wells round it.

17. Navagraha Temple

Navagraha Mandir at Konark Navagraha Mandir at Konark
Navagraha Mandir at Konark

A bit stroll from the exit of Solar temple will take you to historical and training Navagraha temple. It’s a panel of black stone with 9 Grahas or planets carved on it. This panel was the a part of the doorway of Konark and now solely a part of it that’s nonetheless being worshipped.

18. Konark Solar Temple Web site Museum

The campus has top-of-the-line website museums. It tries to recreate the temple as it will have been constructed. It recreates the damaged sculptures for you, explains the idea of solar worship in India together with its pivotal function in yoga, takes you thru the nuances of Odisha handicrafts and humanities.

Surya Murti at Konark Site MuseumSurya Murti at Konark Site Museum
Surya or Solar at Web site Museum

In the long run, it presents you with the story of Konark Temple in an animated movie. I visited the temple first after which the museum, however you can even select to go to the museum first after which the temple. I might say when the solar is just too scorching to go to the museum. It’s essential to purchase a separate ticket for the museum.

19. Konark Dance Pageant

An annual dance pageant takes place each February on the Natya Mandapa. It is likely one of the hottest occasions. I hope to attend it one wonderful 12 months.

20. World Heritage Web site

It’s one in all UNESCO World Heritage Websites inscribed in 1984, making it one of many oldest such websites in India. See the quotation right here.

21. Ramchandi Temple on the Seashore

Ramchandi Devi Temple, KonarkRamchandi Devi Temple, Konark
Ramchandi Devi Temple

That is an historical temple situated proper on the seashore devoted to the goddess Ramchandi. She is the presiding goddess of Arka Kshetra and her temple was within the place the place the Solar temple now stands.

Based on Mahabharata, she guided Sri Ram on defeating Ravana, when he was on his technique to Sri Lanka. It’s a small however highly regarded temple.

I noticed a panel of Sprint Mahavidyas within the temple indicating its Tantric nature. Round this temple are many small temples, all of them overlooking the ocean.

22. Chandrabhaga Tank

Chandrabhaga Tank - KonarkChandrabhaga Tank - Konark

River Chandrabhaga used to movement and meet the ocean on this space. As we speak it’s represented by a small tank by the identical identify. Pilgrims nonetheless take a ritual dip on this tank. It is extremely near the ocean and Ramchandi temple. You’ll be able to attend the Chandrabhaga Mela that’s held on Magh Shukla Saptami yearly.

23. Boatride on the seashore

You’ll be able to benefit from the dawn on the seashore or take a ship journey.

24. Store for Odia & Solar Temple Souvenirs

Konark SouvenirsKonark Souvenirs
Souvenirs to take again residence

From the ticket counter to the doorway of the temple there are memento outlets on either side. You should purchase every kind of Odia souvenirs together with miniature variations of the Solar Temple.

Journey Suggestions

  • It’s situated 40 km from Puri and 60 from Bhubaneswar, part of Odisha’s golden triangle.
  • You want no less than 2 hours to see the temple correctly. Finances round 30-40 minutes for the museum along with that.
  • Meals is on the market on the restaurant subsequent to the location museum. It’s a first rate place to eat. Aside from it, there are meals stall and avenue meals near Navagraha Temple the place you should buy meals.
  • Images is allowed with none restrictions.
  • ASI accredited guides can be found, however I’m not very pleased with their information. If you happen to can decide up the ASI information on Konark, which is part of their sequence on World Heritage Websites. It should aid you see the place by yourself. I critically hope that ASI seems into retraining their guides.
  • It’s essential to stroll lots, so carry your water or any meals that you could be require.
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