Bhima Devi Temple complicated is positioned proper subsequent to the well-known Pinjore Gardens. Now you probably have lived in and even visited Chandigarh, you will have most likely visited them. I grew up in Panchkula and Chandigarh. Visited Pinjore gardens for household outings, faculty picnics, and faculty journeys. However I had no clue that an historical temple lies in ruins proper subsequent door. In truth, the outer partitions of the backyard are in all probability made from stone from the temple.
I advised myself it should have been just lately excavated. However no, it was excavated manner again in 1974, years earlier than I moved to its neighborhood. Speak about being ignorant about your personal heritage.
Historical past of Bhima Devi Temple
As per the ASI board, the temple has been dated again to 9-11th CE. It was constructed by the Gurjar Prihara kings linking it to the kingdoms of Ujjain and Kannauj. Raja Ram Dev of the dynasty is most likely credited with the temple.
From the Puranic tales, Bhima Devi is among the 5 Devis who’re current within the current occasions as talked about in Devi Mahatmay. There are 4 primary temples of Bhimadevi. Three others are at Sarahan in Himachal, Nepal and in Maharashtra.
It is usually believed that Pandavas hung out right here throughout their incognito yr of exile. A small city referred to as Viratnahar nonetheless exists near this temple & Kurukshetra is just not too far. They are saying they used to worship Kali at this temple. Pinjore was initially referred to as Panchpura that means town of the 5. Is it referring to five Pandavas? Perhaps. Some sources additionally name the place Bhimanagar.
The temple might have been part of the Devi Kshetra together with Chandi Mandir, Manasa Devi Mandir and Kalka Devi Mandir shut by.
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Alexander Cunningham in late 19th CE recorded some 12th CE inscriptions that point out Panchpura. Al Bruni mentions it in his travelogues.
The temple was destroyed by Aurangzeb’s military in 17th CE. Seems to be prefer it was misplaced not simply from geography but additionally from the general public reminiscence. It could have suffered earlier Islamic assaults as properly.
An excavation in 1974 from a mound introduced the temple again in public house. A web site museum was in-built 2009.
The structure of Bhima Devi Temple
This temple is a Panchayatan fashion temple. On this fashion, a temple complicated has 5 temples devoted to five deities. Within the center is a big platform that will have been the temple devoted to the presiding deity – Bhima Devi on this case. The remainder of the 4 temples are within the 4 corners of the primary temple. They’re clearly smaller in dimension however might have replicated the design of the primary temple.
Panchayatan fashion could be very widespread within the Kalingan temples of Bhubaneshwar and Khajuraho.
Visiting the temple complicated
The central platform is kind of intact. The Amalaka that will have sat on the high of it’s on the platform. On high of the Amalaka is a gently balanced Kalash in stone. The place has the temple between two of them is the primary thought that involves your thoughts? You quickly understand it’s scattered throughout the platform.
A small Ganesha Murti and a relatively modern Ram Lakshman Murti has been stored on one facet to allow you to really feel it’s a temple.
A water tank is positioned near the temple. It’s believed to be one of many 365 tanks that used to exist on this space. I used to be advised 14-15 of those nonetheless exist and I might see three of them in shut neighborhood.
We have been fortunate to satisfy Sh Nirmal Singh Ji, who advised us concerning the temple intimately. He additionally advised us about different historical temples and ponds round Pinjore.
He confirmed us this one sculpture in a gray stone that’s made from ringing rock. Ringing rock is a stone that produces metallic sound when struck. I’ve seen the same stone referred to as Thinthinia Pathar in Chhattisgarh. These rocks are the identical ones which can be utilized in musical pillars that we see at Hampi or at Airateshwara Temple in Darasuram.
The temple pond by means of small had clear water and lots of colourful fishes in it. That is essentially the most alive a part of the temple.
Sculptures within the temple complicated
Excavated sculptures of the temple web site are scattered throughout the complicated. The very best ones are preserved on the web site museum that includes of 4 small rooms. The following finest ones are stored on pedestals within the open-air museum. One more set is organized round bushes and a few are simply mendacity round.
It’s painful to see a temple scattered round. Quite a lot of them have their heads chopped off. I used to be nonetheless glad to go to because it offers me the hope of discovering some extra historical stone temples of North India. Hopefully, sooner or later we’ll rebuild them as a debt to our ancestors.
Sculptures might be categorised as
Devi Devata Sculptures that embrace the next:
- Shiva, Shiva as Lakulisha, Shivalingas
- Shiva Parvati
- Nandi Figures
- Course deities like Ishana
- Ganga, Yamuna
- Lakshmi Narayana
- Attendant figures
Ornamental Sculptures embrace
- Madanikas or Sur Sundari’s like Alasya Kanya
- Gandharvas taking part in Music & Dancing figures
- Animals, particularly elephant panels
- Geometric and floral motifs
On a regular basis life sculptures embrace
- Ladies embroidering
- Wedding ceremony Scenes
Temple components embrace
- Door Jambs
- Miniature Shikharas & Temples
- Components of pillars
- A stone Kalash
All these point out a north Indian Nagara fashion temple structure.
Strolling by means of the sculptures, I used to be attempting to re-create the temple in my thoughts. Can I match the jigsaw puzzle that matches with the imaginative and prescient of the one who created this temple? Powerful.
Dharamandal & Draupadi Kund
Throughout the highway is an historical Shiva Temple. It is usually dated to the time when Pandavas lived right here. The temple known as Bhimeshwar Mahadev indicating that it was put in by Bhima. I noticed the same temple at Bhimtal in Kumaon. As of now, it’s a small temple that has been just lately renovated.
There are two small ponds subsequent to the temple – one known as Draupadi Kund and is open to girls solely. The opposite one is Dharamandal and is open solely to males.
It’s stated that Pandavas had their tub in these ponds earlier than going to Kurukshetra for Mahabharat Conflict.
I used to be advised a couple of kilometers away near Mallah village there may be one other memorial of Pandavas stays. Subsequent time I’ll discover it.
Gurdwara Manji Sahib
Proper subsequent to Shiva temple is an previous Gurudwara in pristine white. It’s stated the Guru Nanak Dev visited this Gurudwara throughout his travels.
Journey Ideas for Museum
Temple is positioned proper subsequent to the Pinjore Gardens, which is definitely accessible by every kind of transport.
Meals and water can be found at Pinjore Gardens.
The location museum is closed on Mondays, however the complicated is just about open.
You want about an hour’s time to see it correctly. I spent a few hours right here. You may as well membership your go to with the Pinjore gardens that are a well-known vacationer spot within the area.