Guruvayur Temple – Lord Krishna’s Abode In God’s Own Country

Guruvayur Temple is without doubt one of the common temples on the town by the identical title, devoted to Guruvayurappan – a type of Shri Vishnu. It’s located within the southern state of Kerala. Sometimes called Bhuloka Vaikuntha or Abode of Vishnu on Earth. The temple is maintained by Guruvayur Dewaswom which manages the actions. It’s a thriving township within the Thrissur district of Kerala. Located about 29 KMs northwest of Thrissur city.

Legends of Guruvayur Temple – Abode of Lord Krishna

Guruvayur is considered a mix of three phrases – Guru for Guru Brihaspati, Vayu for God of wind, and Ur means land in native language Malayalam. Brihaspati is claimed to have deified the murti of Shri Krishna that he discovered initially of Kaliyuga together with the Vayudeva. The land the place he positioned the murti got here to be recognized by the title.

Guruvayur TempleGuruvayur Temple
Temple Picture – Inventory Photographs

In Narada Purana, it’s talked about that Janmejaya, the great-grandson of Arjuna was cured of his leprosy after he worshipped at Guruvayur Temple. His father Parikshit was cursed that he could be killed by a snakebite. He was killed by Takshak, the king of serpents. Janmejaya carried out a ceremony of fireplace sacrifice to kill all of the snakes of the world together with Takshaka. Tons of of snakes have been killed. However Takshaka was saved by the grace of a Brahmin referred to as Astika. Since he had killed the snakes, he was troubled with leprosy. He was cured solely after he worshipped Guruvayurappan at Guruvayur.

This place additionally finds a faint reference in Tamil literature “Kokasandesam”. Mentioning Kuruvayur the place Shri Vishnu is worshipped in his ninth incarnation referred to as Shri Krishna. Right here Krishna is worshipped in his child type as Bal Krishna.

Historical past of Guruvayur Temple

Guruvayurappam Guruvayurappam
Guruvayurappam, Picture – Inventory Photographs

The Dutch attacked the temple and set it on fireplace in 1716 CE. But it surely was rebuilt in 1747 CE. Haider Ali attacked Calicut and Guruvayur however spared the temple. Nevertheless, his son Tipu Sultan set fireplace to the temple and plundered. But it surely was saved as a result of well timed rain. The moola Vigraha or the primary deity was hidden underground by the devotees and was thus saved. Later, the temple was rebuilt and renovated. By the 20th century, numerous reforms have been additionally achieved by the temple administration.

Day by day Puja of Shri Guruvayurappan

The temple routines as laid down by Adi Shankara are strictly adopted. Vedic traditions are adopted with utmost precision and sanctity is maintained. Temple opens for the devotees at three AM and closes after the day’s puja at 10 PM. Puja right here may be divided as Morning Puja, Afternoon Puja, and Night Puja.

Sheshashayee Vishnu Sheshashayee Vishnu
Sheshashayee Vishnu on wall murals Picture – Inventory Photographs

Morning Puja


The morning puja begins with Nirmalyam when the temple opens at three AM. The primary darshan of God known as Nirmalya Darshanam. Devotees get a possibility for the primary darshan of God when he’s woken up from the deep slumber of the earlier night time. He’s bedecked in decorations from the day past. This darshan is taken into account as probably the most auspicious as God is believed to be strongest this time.


After the Nirmalya Darshanam, God is bathed with sesame oil. The murti is made from stone of medicinal worth. Therefore the oil used for bathing is taken into account as Prasad. It’s accessible on the counters to buy and believed to treatment illnesses like paralysis. After the tub, the murti is smeared with a natural combination referred to as Vaka.

Malar Naivedyam

The deity is bathed with water fetched by a priest from the temple pond referred to as the Rudrateertham. The water is poured over the deity utilizing a conch. Publish the Abhishek, the murti is bedecked with attires and decorations. Sandal paste and jewellery adorn the deity. He’s embellished as toddler Krishna, sporting a crimson loincloth and holding butter and a flute in his arms. Then malar a type of puffed rice is obtainable to God as Naivedyam.

Usha Naivedyam and Ethirettu Puja

After Malar Naivedyam, the sanctum sanctorum is closed for Usha Puja. The deity is obtainable with completely different Naivedyams like butter, ney payasam, a particular sort of banana, jaggery, a particular sugar, and a mix of sweets. Puja begins earlier than dawn and continues until the primary rays of the solar fall on the ft of the deity, which faces east. Right now Ganapathi Homa can be carried out and pujas for different deities additionally happen.


After the morning puja, the silver and gold Vigraha of the deity is taken across the temple in a holy procession on a temple elephant referred to as Seeveli. Typically, the gold Vigraha is used and the silver one is used on particular events. This ritual symbolizes the God overseeing meals supplied to his guards, the Ashtadigpalas and the Saptamatrika together with Veerbhadra and Ganapathi.

Palabhishekam and Navabhishekam

After Seeveli, the murti is bathed once more in waters drawn from the temple nicely. That is adopted by Abhishekam or immersing the murti in milk, tender coconut water, and rose water. The deity is then embellished as a young person adorning a yellow dhoti.

Pantheeradi Puja

This puja is finished by a set of conventional clergymen. It derives its title from the size of the shadow solid by the solar’s rays – Pantheeradi or 12 ft. The sanctum sanctorum stays open for the devotees after this puja until the following ceremony is carried out.

Afternoon Puja or Ucha Puja

Priest lighting a lamp at Guruvayur TemplePriest lighting a lamp at Guruvayur Temple
Lighting the lamp, Picture – Inventory Photographs

Ucha Puja is finished after 11:30 PM, behind the locked doorways, when the temple is closed for devotees. In the course of the puja particular providing of payasam or kheer is obtainable to the deity. A temple musician sings the verses from Jayadeva’s Geeta Govinda. The temple closes at 12:30 PM and once more reopens at 4:30 PM for night puja and darshan.

Night Puja

The night puja begins with Deeparadhana. Whereas the temple is illuminated with lamps at sundown to the chanting of hymns. Sanctum sanctorum is reopened for the Kapoor Arati.

Round 7:30 PM the temple once more closes for ultimate puja. Deity is obtainable with numerous dishes as Naivaidyam reminiscent of appam, Ada, Palpayasam, betel leaves, and areca nut. Following the puja, the deity is once more taken out in a procession on the elephant referred to as Seeveli.

Thripukka is a crucial ritual carried out right here by which the sanctum sanctorum is crammed with contemporary smoke made up of particular powder that’s believed to treatment respiratory issues.

There are numerous lamps lighted by devotees on a body referred to as Vilakkumatham. The lighting of lamps surrounding the temple is an ethereal sight.

Comparable temple rituals are adopted for Srinathji at Nathdwara.

Different deities

There are smaller shrines contained in the temple courtyard devoted to Shashtha, Durga, Subramanya, Ananta, and Ganapati.

There are a number of smaller stones referred to as Ballikallu across the sanctum sanctorum. They signify Ashtadigpalikas or the eight path deities and Saptamatrikas or the seven mom goddesses.

Guruvayur Temple construction

Wall Murals of Guruvayur Temple in KeralaWall Murals of Guruvayur Temple in Kerala
Kerala Model Temple, Picture – Inventory Photographs

The temple is without doubt one of the best examples of Kerala‘s temple Vastu vidya. You may enter the temple via two gopurams – one on the east and one other on the west aspect. Each the gopurams have two Deepa Stambha. The gopuram results in a courtyard, within the heart of which is the primary temple. The roof of the temple is sort of a pyramid fitted with tiles. Totally different shrines devoted to different deities are housed within the courtyard. Most of them have a room that has the deity, however the roof is a tiled construction.

Learn Extra – Dwarkadhish Temple at Dwarka

The middle of the courtyard has a pillared corridor in entrance of which is a Dhwaja Stambha or the flagpost. There’s a Deepa Stambha in direction of the east gopuram. The corridor results in the Sreekovil or the primary shrine. Innermost room of the Sreekovil known as Garbhagriha that enshrines murti of the deity. In entrance of the Garbhagriha is the Mukhamandapam. Outdoors the Mukhamandapam is the namaskar mandapam.


On the south aspect of the shrine is a temple devoted to Ganesh. Corridor surrounding the Sreekovil has sculptures from the lifetime of Shri Krishna. An enormous construction of Shri Vishnu sleeping on Sheshshaiyya with Bhoodevi and Sridevi on both aspect is there. It’s stated to be much like the Padmanabhaswamy Temple at Thiruvananthapuram.

Exit door on the north leads you to a corridor like construction the place devotees can have Prasadam. On the northeast aspect is a temple devoted to Devi. On the south aspect of the central shrine is a temple devoted to Shashtha or Sri Ayappa. The southern aspect has a corridor with enormous utensils for cooking the Prasadam. On the northern aspect are the temple tank and nicely. The outer wall of the interior sanctum has murals depicting Krishna Leela.

Moolavigraha right here is made up of a sacred stone referred to as the Pathalanjana Shila.

Costume Code

Strict gown code is maintained within the temple. Males to put on dhoti and to enter shirtless. Girls can put on Sari, lengthy Kerala skirt, and prime or salwar kameez.

Guruvayur Temple Festivals

Ulsavam – Takes place in Feb-March. It’s a ten-day competition that begins with the hoisting of flag on the Dhwaja Stambha.

Vishu – The Malayali new 12 months is a crucial competition right here.

Shri Krishna Janamashtami – One of the vital festivals throughout the nation which is widely known throughout Aug-Sept to mark the delivery of Sri Krishna is common right here too.

Mammiyoor Shree Mahadev Temple

Mammiyoor Mahadev Temple at GuruvayurMammiyoor Mahadev Temple at Guruvayur
Mammiyoor Mahadev Temple

A well-known Shiva Temple located close by. The primary presiding deity is Shiva. Constructed within the pagoda type. Different shrines are devoted to Ganapati, Vishnu, Subramanya, Ayappa, and Kali. Shivaratri and Ashtami Rohini are two main festivals celebrated right here. They are saying {that a} go to to this city is incomplete except one has visited this temple.

Learn Extra – Temples of Vrindavan

Journey Suggestions

  • Many inns are there close to the temple. Lodging shouldn’t be an issue for the guests.
  • KSRTC bus companies run from numerous elements of the state and few interstate areas.
  • The temple closes from 12:30 pm to 4:30 pm.
  • The gown code is strictly adopted within the temple. Higher put on it accordingly.
  • Mobiles are strictly not allowed contained in the temple. Cloakroom facility is out there for retaining footwear, mobiles, and different belongings.
  • One should purchase the Prasadam and Abhishek oil from the counters.
  • There are numerous shops promoting articles like Kerala Deepam, different puja gadgets, and so on. You need to discount as they’re overpriced. Learn our suggestions for – Kerala Souvenirs.
  • The railway station right here is linked to the Mangalore Madras railway line at Thrissur.
  • Kochi and Calicut are the 2 nearest airports.

It is a put up by Shruti Mishra below Inditales Internship Program.

Shruti Mishra

Shruti Mishra
Shruti Mishra is an expert banker. She likes to journey and discover the wealthy heritage of various locations and revel in their native delicacies. She is a ebook lover. And likewise likes to cook dinner a heat meal for the household. She at present lives in Bangalore. Has desires to extensively discover this stunning nation fully and write a ebook on the roads much less traveled.


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