Bharat Mata Temples are only a few and pretty new in India. Nevertheless, they’ve deep roots within the Indian historic and cultural context.
The earliest reference of phrase Bharti is available in Apri-Suktas of Rigveda the place she is talked about as Vakdevi or the Goddess of speech. Together with this, it mentions a clan named Bharata whose king was Bharata.
Mahabharata mentions the land as Bharatvarsha.
There was a Kuru king, a Chandravanshi, who was known as Bharata.
Vishnu Puran mentions the extent of Bharat because the north of seas and south of Himalayas and because the land the place the progeny of Bharata lives.
The Modern Emergence of Bharat Mata
She got here into vogue in the course of the Indian independence motion. We see it talked about within the ‘Vande Mataram’ music by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. It turned part of his well-known 1882 CE novel Anand Math that was primarily based on the backdrop of Bengal famine. The story too had sturdy imagery of her.
Visually, Abanindranath Tagore, the artist nephew of Rabindranath Tagore created the primary portray of Bharat Mata in 1905 CE. She is depicted sporting a saffron sari with 4 arms like most goddesses in India are. In her higher arms, she holds the scriptures and a chunk of white fabric. In decrease arms, she has a sheave of paddy and an Akshmala. Her arms maintain the necessities of human life – Shiksha-Diksha-Anna-Vastra i.e. schooling, initiation, meals, and clothes.
Keep in mind this was additionally the time when Bengal was partitioned by the British. And there was a response by artists like Tagore in opposition to the partition. Many nationalists interpreted because the mom who’s asking her sons to liberate her. Sister Nivedita was so impressed by this portray that she wished to have it printed in hundreds of thousands and distributed throughout each dwelling from Kedarnath to Kanyakumari.
Many variations of this portray had been subsequently made. The unique is now on show on the Victoria Memorial Corridor Museum in Kolkata.
Bharat Mata Temple at Varanasi
Her temple at Varanasi on the campus of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth is exclusive in some ways. It isn’t a temple within the conventional sense of a temple which is usually devoted to a deity.
The temple celebrates the ‘Akhand Bharat’ as it’s described in our historic scriptures. Politically, it could embody the present-day international locations like Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. It celebrates the very land that known as Bharat. The land that has been personified as Ma Bharti.
Map of Bharat
An in depth map of India or Bharat is created utilizing the marble from Makrana. The topography is clearly mapped to the size in ratio of 1 Inch:6.four Miles. So, once you see totally different mountain ranges, you see them in the identical proportion as they exist on earth. General, there are greater than 450 peaks depicted on the map, together with water our bodies, rivers, oceans, plateaus, and the huge plains. Smallest of islands on the oceans will be seen similar to the very best peaks of Sagarmatha and K2. What you’d discover lacking is something artifical on the map, be it political boundaries or be it any constructions.
I used to be instructed that the water our bodies are duly crammed with water and the map adorned with flowers on Independence Day and Republic Day. The map is surrounded by a pillared hall that lets you stroll round and respect it intently.
From a notice by Babu Shiva Prasad Gupta, board on the temple tells us that he was impressed to create this temple when he noticed the same map made on the ground at a Vidhwa Ashram or widow dwelling in Pune. The resolve to create an in depth map in stone befell. It was additional strengthened when Gupta Ji visited London and noticed elaborate maps within the British Museum there. Upon his return, he mentioned his dream to create such a temple with many individuals and recognized Durga Prasad Khatri Ji for this job. 24 Lakh chants of the Gayatri Mantra had been carried out on the temple earlier than it was opened to the general public.
Mahatma Gandhi formally inaugurated it in 1936 CE by giving the Purnahuti or the ultimate providing within the Yagna carried out on the temple. Verses from all Vedas had been chanted because the doorways of the temples had been opened for the general public.
Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta
It was completely funded by the industrialist and freedom fighter Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta. His household nonetheless continues to care for the temple. Gupta Ji was additionally the one who arrange the Kashi Vidyapeeth amongst lots of his different philanthropic initiatives. Names of chief architect Durga Prasad and his group are rightfully inscribed on the temple partitions.
After I visited the temple a number of years in the past, there was hardly anybody there. So far as I may see there are not any actual rituals which can be adopted right here. You possibly can stroll round and see India because the land that nurtures us.
In fact, there’s a Murti of the Mata impressed by the well-known portray of Abanindranath Tagore.
Well-known Hindi poet, Rashtra Kavi Maithilisharan Gupt wrote a music for this temple –
भारत माता का मंदिर यह
समता का संवाद जहाँ,
सबका शिव कल्याण यहाँ है
पावें सभी प्रसाद यहाँ ।
The poem will be seen on the temple premises & you may learn right here.
This temple can also be distinctive because it was constructed between 1918 and 1924 CE, earlier than the Indian independence. And earlier than the unlucky partition.
Bharat Mata Temple at Haridwar
Not like the Varanasi temple, the one at Haridwar is a often visited temple. Usually on the itinerary of most pilgrims to town.
Constructed-in 1983 by Swami Satyamitranand Giri and inaugurated by Indira Gandhi, this eight story temple would be the tallest within the metropolis. It gives an incredible vantage level to take a look at the totally different arms of Ganga flowing via this historic metropolis additionally known as Gangadwar. You possibly can see the ranges of Rajaji Nationwide Park from right here surrounding the Ganga.
eight Flooring of temple
Every of the eight flooring is devoted to a unique theme. The bottom flooring is devoted to the Mata and has an imposing Murti of her. I slowly moved previous it as the large queue slowly crawled via the room.
- First Ground or Shoor Mandir is devoted to heroes of India and that features many freedom fighters.
- The second flooring or Matri Mandir is devoted to ladies’s energy and has ladies warriors and saints like Meerabai and Lakshmibai.
- The third flooring or Sant Mandir is devoted to the saints of India.
- The fourth flooring is devoted to totally different religions that co-exist in India.
- The fifth flooring is devoted to Shakti or Devi – the divine female in India.
- The sixth flooring is devoted to Vishnu and his numerous Avatars are depicted.
- The seventh flooring has Shiva within the type of a presiding deity of the temple.
In essence, it begins with Bharat Mata and takes you to Shiva via a ramp that routinely takes you up and down.
I beloved the idea of the temple that brings collectively numerous points of a nation. Like its spiritual spine, its warriors, its saints, its religions, its ladies. Nevertheless, I’d have wished a significantly better execution of the Murtis and dioramas there. What you desperately miss is our numerous artwork varieties, be it classical or folks. How attention-grabbing it could be to see the clean partitions crammed with tales of the individuals depicted.
Nonetheless, go to it for the idea. And for the superior views, you get from the highest of the temple constructing.
Bharat Mata Temple at Kanyakumari
Keep in mind we talked about Vivekananda Kendra in our publish – Locations to see in Kanyakumari. Her temple can also be situated on the identical premises.
The temple has a Murti of Swami Vivekananda surrounded by 5 mom figures:
- Parvati – the mom of Kartik and Ganesh
- Shakuntala – The mom of Bharat
- Jijabai – The mom of Shivaji Maharaj
- Sharada Devi – the Guru Ma of Vivekananda
- Mata Amritanandamayi – the present saint who additionally inaugurated this temple in 2017.
There’s a 12 toes tall golden Murti of her holding a flag in her left hand with a proper hand in Abhay mudra. A golden lion matching her radiance stands simply behind her telling us she is the incarnation of Durga.
Mandir at Ujjain
Constructed by Madhav Seva Nyas, that is the newest Bharat Mata Mandir inaugurated in 2018. Situated near the Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain, this three story temple has a 16 toes tall Murti of her in stone. She is surrounded by Navadurga photographs. The temple premises embody an auditorium, a library, a meditation, and yoga middle, and an meeting corridor.
Temple in Deogiri or Daulatabad Fort
11th CE Deogiri Fort constructed by Yadava Kings close to the present-day metropolis of Aurangabad in Maharashtra has seen so many modifications of arms over time. Immediately, in its premises, within the place of an historic temple is a Bharat Mata temple. It’s troublesome to guess the date of this temple. The temple could be very outdated because the pillars round it inform us. The Murti of Bharat Mata will need to have been put in a lot later.
Wall Murals in Shekhawati
One Shekhawati Haveli in Mandawa has a big mural of her on its partitions.
If you realize of some other temples devoted to her in India or wherever on the earth, do tell us about them within the feedback.
We’d additionally wish to know when you have visited any of those temples?